Client Advisor Employee
Username
Password
  • Financial Planning

    In finance, investment is putting money into an asset with the expectation of capital appreciation.

  • Mutual Funds

    When it comes to the world of investing, three words come to mind: overwhelming, intimidating, and scary.

  • Time for changes

    Bottoms in the investment world don't end with four-year lows; they end with 10- or 15-year lows.

  • Solution

    The stock market is filled with individuals who know the price of everything, but the value of nothing.

Equity

Equity funds are considered to be the more risky funds as compared to other fund types, but they also provide higher returns than other funds. It is advisable that an investor looking to invest in an equity fund should invest for long term i.e. for 3 years or more. There are different types of equity funds each falling into different risk bracket. In the order of decreasing risk level, there are following types of equity funds:

   

Aggressive Growth Funds: In Aggressive Growth Funds, fund manager aspire for maximum capital appreciation and invest in less researched shares of speculative nature. Because of these speculative investments Aggressive Growth Funds become more volatile and thus, are prone to higher risk than other equity funds.
   

Growth Funds - Growth Funds also invest for capital appreciation (with time horizon of 3 to 5 years) but they are different from Aggressive Growth Funds in the sense that they invest in companies that are expected to outperform the market in the future. Without entirely adopting speculative strategies, Growth Funds invest in those companies that are expected to post above average earnings in the future.
   

Speciality Funds: Speciality funds have stated criteria for investment and their portfolio comprises of only those companies that meet their criteria. Criteria for some speciality funds could be to invest/not to invest in particular regions/companies. Speciality funds are concentrated and thus, are comparatively riskier than diversified funds. These are following types of speciality funds:

a) Sector Funds: Equity funds that invest in a particular sector/industry of the market are known as Sector Funds. The exposure of these funds is limited to a particular sector (say Information Technology, Auto, Banking, Pharmaceuticals or Fast Moving Consumer Goods) which is why they are more risky than equity funds that invest in multiple sectors.

b) Foreign Securities Funds: Foreign Securities Equity Funds have the option to invest in one or more foreign companies. Foreign securities funds achieve international diversification and hence they are less risky than sector funds. However, foreign securities funds are exposed to foreign exchange rate risk and country risk.

c) Mid-Cap or Small-Cap Funds: Funds that invest in companies having lower market capitalization than large capitalization companies are called Mid-Cap or Small-Cap Funds. Market capitalization of Mid-Cap companies is less than that of big, blue chip companies (less than Rs. 2500 crores but more than Rs. 500 crores) and Small-Cap companies have market capitalization of less than Rs. 500 crores. Market Capitalization of a company can be calculated by multiplying the market price of the companys share by the total number of its outstanding shares in the market. The shares of Mid-Cap or Small-Cap Companies are not as liquid as of Large-Cap Companies which gives rise to volatility in share prices of these companies and consequently, investment gets risky.

   

Diversified Equity Funds - Except for a small portion of investment in liquid money market, diversified equity funds invest mainly in equities without any concentration on a particular sector(s). These funds are well diversified and reduce sector-specific or company-specific risk. However, like all other funds diversified equity funds too are exposed to equity market risk. One prominent type of diversified equity fund in India is Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS). As per the mandate, a minimum of 90% of investments by ELSS should be in equities at all times. ELSS investors are eligible to claim deduction from taxable income (up to Rs 1 lakh) at the time of filing the income tax return. ELSS usually has a lock-in period and in case of any redemption by the investor before the expiry of the lock-in period makes him liable to pay income tax on such income(s) for which he may have received any tax exemption(s) in the past.
   

Equity Index Funds - Equity Index Funds have the objective to match the performance of a specific stock market index. The portfolio of these funds comprises of the same companies that form the index and is constituted in the same proportion as the index. Equity index funds that follow broad indices (like S&P CNX Nifty, Sensex) are less risky than equity index funds that follow narrow sectoral indices (like BSEBANKEX or CNX Bank Index etc). Narrow indices are less diversified and therefore, are more risky.
   

Value Funds - Value Funds invest in those companies that have sound fundamentals and whose share prices are currently under-valued. The portfolio of these funds comprises of shares that are trading at a low Price to Earning Ratio (Market Price per Share / Earning per Share) and a low Market to Book Value (Fundamental Value) Ratio. Value Funds may select companies from diversified sectors and are exposed to lower risk level as compared to growth funds or speciality funds. Value stocks are generally from cyclical industries (such as cement, steel, sugar etc.), which make them volatile in the short-term. Therefore, it is advisable to invest in Value funds with a long-term time horizon as risk in the long term, to a large extent, is reduced.
   

Equity Income and Debt Yield Funds: The objective of Equity Income or Dividend Yield Equity Funds is to generate high recurring income and steady capital appreciation for investors by investing in those companies which issue high dividends (such as Power or Utility companies whose share prices fluctuate comparatively lesser than other companies share prices). Equity Income or Dividend Yield Equity Funds are generally exposed to the lowest risk level as compared to other equity funds.

DEBT FUNDS

Funds that invest in medium to long-term debt instruments issued by private companies, banks, financial institutions, governments and other entities belonging to various sectors (like infrastructure companies etc.) are known as Debt / Income Funds. Debt funds are low risk profile funds that seek to generate fixed current income (and not capital appreciation) to investors. In order to ensure regular income to investors, debt (or income) funds distribute large fraction of their surplus to investors. Although debt securities are generally less risky than equities, they are subject to credit risk (risk of default) by the issuer at the time of interest or principal payment. To minimize the risk of default, debt funds usually invest in securities from issuers who are rated by credit rating agencies and are considered to be of Investment Grade. Debt funds that target high returns are more risky. Based on different investment objectives, there can be following types of debt funds:

1) Diversified Debt Funds: Debt funds that invest in all securities issued by entities belonging to all sectors of the market are known as diversified debt funds. The best feature of diversified debt funds is that investments are properly diversified into all sectors, which results in risk reduction.

2) High Yield Debt Funds: As we now understand thatrisk of default is present in all debt funds, and therefore, debt funds generally try to minimize the risk of default by investing in securities issued by only those borrowers who are considered to be of investment grade. But, High Yield Debt Funds adopt a different strategy and prefer securities issued by those issuers who are considered to be of below investment grade. The motive behind adopting this sort of risky strategy is to earn higher interest returns from these issuers. These funds are more volatile and bear higher default risk, although they may earn at times higher returns for investors.

3) Assured Return Funds: Although it is not necessary that a fund will meet its objectives or provide assured returns to investors, but there can be funds that come with a lock-in period and offer assurance of annual returns to investors during the lock-in period. Any shortfall in returns is suffered by the sponsors or the Asset Management Companies (AMCs). These funds are generally debt funds and provide investors with a low-risk investment opportunity. However, the security of investments depends upon the net worth of the guarantor (whose name is specified in advance on the offer document). To safeguard the interests of investors, SEBI permits only those funds to offer assured return schemes whose sponsors have adequate net-worth to guarantee returns in the future. In the past, UTI had offered assured return schemes (i.e. Monthly Income Plans of UTI) that assured specified returns to investors in the future. UTI was not able to fulfill its promises and faced large shortfalls in returns. Eventually, government had to intervene and took over UTIs payment obligations on itself. Currently, no AMC in India offers assured return schemes to investors, though possible.

4) Fixed Term Plan Series: Fixed Term Plan Series usually are closed-end schemes having short-term maturity period (of less than one year) that offer a series of plans and issue units to investors at regular intervals. Unlike closed-end funds, fixed term plans are not listed on the exchanges. Fixed term plan series usually invest in debt / income schemes and target short-term investors. The objective of fixed term plan schemes is to gratify investors by generating some expected returns in a short period.

ANALYSIS OF DEBT AND EQUITY FUND
Debt Funds

- They must be repaid or refinanced.

- Requires regular interest payments. Company must generate cash flow to pay.

- Collateral assets must usually be available.

- Debt providers are conservative. They cannot share any upside or profits. Therefore, they want to eliminate all possible loss or downside risks.

- Interest payments are tax deductible.

- Debt has little or no impact on control of the company.

    Debt allows leverage of company profits.

Equity Funds

- They can usually be kept permanently.

- No payment requirements. May receive dividends, but only out of retained earnings.

- No collateral required.

- Equity providers are aggressive. They can accept downside risks because they fully share the upside as well.

- Dividend payments are not tax deductible.

- Equity requires shared control of the company and may impose restrictions.

    Shareholders share the company profits.

Importance of using Debt Funds:

    Debt is not an ownership interest in the business. Creditors generally do not have voting power.

- The payment of interest on debt is considered a cost of doing business and is fully tax deductible.

Importance of using EquityFunds:

    Unlike obligation of debt, your business will not have any contractual obligation to pay for equity dividend
    Equity financing also allows your business to obtain funds without incurring debt, or without having to repay a specific amount of money at a particular time.

Equity financing also allows your business to obtain funds without incurring debt, or without having to repay a specific amount of money at a particular time. Recent deals by equity funds are much larger than in the past. And debt funds are now doing larger club deals. Both types of funds have more money under management than ever before. More cash is chasing deals, causing overlap where both types of funds vie over the same company.


Market Watch
  • MF News
  • IPO News

Coffee Can Portfolio: Here#39;s all you need to know Watch the interview of Rakshit Ranjan, Coffee Can Portfolio Manager of Ambit Asset Management with Ekta Batra and Prashant Nair of CNBC-TV18, where he shared what the Coffee Can Portfolio is all about.
Mon, 20 Nov 2017 13:15:58 +0530


Confused about which fund to invest in? Mutual funds just got easy All mutual fund schemes within a fund house will need to be appropriately distinct from each other in terms of strategy, asset allocation, etc.
Fri, 17 Nov 2017 11:45:27 +0530


Sunil Subramaniam Watch the interview of Sunil Subramaniam, CEO at Sundaram Mutual Fund with Prashant Nair and Ekta Batra on CNBC-TV18, in which he shared his readings and outlook on market and specific stocks.
Wed, 08 Nov 2017 12:05:50 +0530


Manish Sonthalia Manish Sonthalia also said that telco ARPUs could have bottomed out and a tariff hike is likely to be around the corner.
Fri, 03 Nov 2017 10:56:31 +0530


Swati Kulkarni Watch the interview of Swati Kulkarni, Executive Vice President and Fund Manager at UTI MF with Prashant Nair and Ekta Batra on CNBC-TV18, in which she shared her readings and outlook on market and specific stocks and sectors.
Tue, 31 Oct 2017 12:04:40 +0530


Can mutual funds help you generate tax efficient monthly fixed income? For regular returns, investors opt for fixed deposit, company deposit or small saving schemes. These suffer from disadvantages when it comes to taxation, falling interest rates liquidity in case of some emergency.
Wed, 25 Oct 2017 12:25:28 +0530


S Krishna Kumar S Krishna Kumar said that the bank recap step changed the framework with which PSU banks will be seen. He expects cement, infra stocks to get better as well.
Wed, 25 Oct 2017 10:41:39 +0530


Leo Puri CNBC-TV18 caught up with Leo Puri, MD, UTI AMC to talk about SIP culture and the outlook for the mutual fund industry going forward.
Mon, 23 Oct 2017 15:53:02 +0530


Lalit Nambiar Watch the interview of Lalit Nambiar, EVP - Fund Manager Head of Research at UTI MF with Prashant Nair, and Ekta Batra on CNBC-TV18, in which he shared his readings and outlook on market and specific stocks.
Wed, 18 Oct 2017 12:43:51 +0530


Adhil Shetty Your SIP investment must go up as your income rises.
Fri, 13 Oct 2017 12:14:33 +0530


Strong debut: HDFC Standard Life closes with 19% premium at Rs 344.60 per share The share price rallied as much as 27.24 percent intraday while it opened with 8 percent premium on the NSE.
Fri, 17 Nov 2017 16:15:39 +0530


HDFC Standard Life Insurance extends rally, jumps 27% after good debut The share price opened at Rs 313 per share against issue price of Rs 290.
Fri, 17 Nov 2017 10:06:56 +0530


Heads up! HDFC Standard Life to list on bourses with a premium: Experts Although analysts are not expecting a blockbuster listing, a small premium to the issue price could well be on the cards.
Thu, 16 Nov 2017 21:15:36 +0530


HDFC Standard Life Insurance to debut on bourses on November 17 This would be third life insurance company getting listing on exchanges, after ICICI Prudential Life and SBI Life.
Thu, 16 Nov 2017 11:50:19 +0530


Neeraj Kumar Gupta Investing in Bharat 22 ETF is like participating in the Indian growth story and I am sure investors will take part in this growth story said, Neeraj Kumar Gupta, Secretary, DIPAM.
Wed, 15 Nov 2017 10:56:16 +0530


Bharat 22 ETF anchor book subscribed 6 times As much as 25 percent of the total issue size, or Rs 2,000 crore, was reserved for anchor investors who put in bids worth about Rs 12,000 crore, ICICI Prudential MF said.
Tue, 14 Nov 2017 22:11:07 +0530


Khadim India closes with 8% discount at Rs 688.85 per share on market debut Khadim India has settled the trade at Rs 688.85 per share on the National Stock Exchange against IPO price of Rs 750. During the day, it could not cross issue price.
Tue, 14 Nov 2017 17:25:39 +0530


Galaxy Surfactants files IPO papers with Sebi During the initial share sale, as many as 307 shareholders will sell 63,31,674 shares of the company, according to the draft red herring prospectus (DRHP )filed with Sebi.
Tue, 14 Nov 2017 13:38:06 +0530


Khadim India debuts at Rs 723, a 4% discount to issue price The stock fell as much as 4.5 percent in early trade to hit day#39;s low of Rs 716 while its pre-opening price of Rs 730 remained the highest level.
Tue, 14 Nov 2017 10:08:22 +0530


New Listing: New India Assurance closes 3% lower to listing price on Day 1 The company’s shares closed at Rs 725.05 apiece, down 3.18 percent to the listing price of Rs 748.90 apiece, on the BSE.
Mon, 13 Nov 2017 17:38:59 +0530


The new entrant’s initial public offering (IPO), which sought to raise Rs 9,600 crore, was oversubscribed around 1.19 times. The price band was Rs 770-800 per share.
Mon, 13 Nov 2017 10:05:51 +0530


The Rs 10K crore New India Assurance IPO is likely to list on bourses at a discount: Experts The country#39;s largest general insurance firm New India Assurance Company, which recently concluded its initial public offer, will be making its stock market debut on Monday, November 13, and most likely at a discount or to a slight premium.
Sun, 12 Nov 2017 11:54:07 +0530


New Listing: Mahindra Logistics ends flat on its debut at Rs 429.15 The 3rd party logistics (3PL) solutions provider raised Rs 829.35 crore through the issue, at higher end of price band of Rs 425-429 per share.
Fri, 10 Nov 2017 17:07:49 +0530


Focus on growing non-Mahindra biz; targeting 20% topline growth: Mahindra Logisctics The company has managed to create a unique positioning in the industry and is an asset-light organization, said Pirojshaw Sarkari, CEO, Mahindra Logistics.
Fri, 10 Nov 2017 12:10:04 +0530


Mahindra Logistics debuts at discount to issue price of Rs 429, falls 3% It touched day#39;s low of Rs 416.10 on the National Stock Exchange while its issue price is day#39;s high.
Fri, 10 Nov 2017 10:20:53 +0530